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Not Having a Job Offer is not a Worry for Express Entry Candidates

January 2018, 05
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Not having a job offer was not a problem, and this fact has been confirmed by a new Express Entry report. 90% of invitations in from January-June 2017 were received by candidates without a Canadian job offer

New statistics of IRCC show that Express Entry candidates, not having a Canadian job offer benefitted from the targeted improvements in the ranking of the candidates 

This figure is up from 62 percent in the past 11 months since November 2016 prior to the IRCC reducing the number of points awarded for a job offer.

This data confirmed the fact that the action of IRCC led to a significant shift in the number of ITAs for Canadian permanent residence given to candidates who had high human capital scores, like the candidates placed in Federal Skilled Worker Class of Express Entry. 

The factors in the Human capital include age, language proficiency in English/French, education received, and work experience gained. They combine to make the core Comprehensive Ranking System score, of the candidate. It can reach 600 points at the maximum. A study of IRCC shows that these factors are related to higher earning potential strongly.

Simultaneously some other changes were also introduced like, points awarded for Canadian study, a qualifying job, and an increase in the time, to submit completed applications for Canadian PR for the candidates possessing an ITA.

The IRCC data released, confirm the following facts:

  • The proportion of candidates to whom invitations were sent without a Canadian job offer increased from 62 percent to 90 percent.
  • The proportion of invited candidates to whom invitations were sent and who studied in the country increased from 30 percent to 40 percent.
  • The proportion of Federal Skilled Worker candidates to whom invitations were sent to apply increased from 25 percent to 48 percent.
  • The number of profiles who were eligible for the Express Entry pool registered an increase because of the changes.
  • These changes shifted the occupations and countries of citizenship of candidates who were invited to apply.
  • These changes also helped to reduce the gender gap among candidates receiving invitations.

Number of ITAs issued to candidates with and without job offers, and with and without Canadian study experience

Pre-November 2016 changes

Post-November 2016 changes

With job offer

 10,795 (38%)

 5,151 (10%)

Without job offer

17,614 (62%)

48,098 (90%)

With Canadian study experience

8,592 (30%)

21,433 (40%)

No Canadian study experience

19,817 (70%)

31,816 (60%)

More skilled worker invited 

A job offer is not mandatory to give an Express Entry profile or to apply for PR, but the 600 points received provided an advantage to candidates who had it. A  CRS score of 200 increased to 800 when a job offer existed, making the Canadian permanent residence almost reachable.

This scenario has since changed with the points reduction given for job offer. This is making the Express Entry pool candidates heavily reliant on human capital scores to get an ITA.

Facts concerning ITAs issued to candidates having/ not having a job offer 

Before the CRS changes, 45 percent of candidates receiving an ITA, got a core CRS score below 400, but this figure dropped to 11 percent after the CRS changes were introduced. The average core CRS score of candidates invited in the first 5 months of 2017, was 417.

When Canadian job offers became less relevant, some factors like Provincial Nominee Programs showed an improvement. They still lead to 600 more CRS points.  3,722 ITAs were issued to Express Entry candidates who had provincial nominations in January-June 2017.  

The changes also saw that 48 percent of all candidates who were invited to apply in the first half of 2017 belonged to the Federal Skilled Worker Class category. Prior to the CRS changes, FSW candidates received 25 percent of invitations through Express Entry. IRCC expects that these candidates will be the primary source of invitations when large draws from the Express Entry pool will be held.

There is an increased emphasis on human capital scores today.

Not insisting on the job offer gave objectivity to the ranking system of Express Entry, and this development, serves the candidates well, who rely on their core CRS scores. Candidates need to remember that the ranking system is dynamic, and the scores, as well as their ranking, can improve further

Shifting occupation rankings

IRCC states that the drop in job offer points impacted on the occupation mix of the invited candidates significantly.

The top 10 categories of occupation where the Express Entry candidates were invited after job offer change

1. Professional occupations in applied and natural sciences
2. Professional occupations in finance and business
3. Specialized middle management occupations
4. Financial and Administrative supervisors
5. Technical occupations in applied and natural sciences
6. Professional educational occupations 
7. Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations
8. Professional occupations in health 
9. Middle management in retail/wholesale trade and customer services
10. Service supervisors and specialized service occupations

More eligible profiles produced

IRCC has given the description of a former international student, as a candidate possessing a Canadian education credential higher than high school, and they are an important source of candidates owing to their education, age, experience, and skills.

The measure of giving points for Canadian study had an aim to encourage and facilitate the transition of students to permanent residence.  After this change was promulgated, IRCC saw an increase in the average number of submission of the eligible profile by previous international students to 3,481 per month. This was an increase from an average of 1,866 per month before the change of 2016. Introduction of new and more points and the large sizes that decreased the CRS cut-off score provide incentives for more international students to submit a profile for Express Entry.

Invitations by country of citizenship

Indians have issued the most ITAs, and their share increased from 31 percent of ITAs to 43 percent. Chinese were second, with 10 percent post-change and Nigeria came third,

Extension of Application time limit

IRCC gives 90 days to the invited candidates to submit their application for permanent residence. This helps to give more time to collect the required documentation and furnish a complete application.

In the 11 months before the change, 10 percent applicants missed the 60 days deadline, but with  30 days added the number of late submissions has come down to two percent only.

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